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Title: "Document 4024-PS: [Economic Development of Action Reinhardt], Part 01-09 [partial translation]", in Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression. Supplement A: Closing Address, Closing Arguments, Closing Statements; Documents Introduced in Evidence By British and American Prosecutors. District of Columbia: GPO, 1947. pp. 744-770.
Author: US Chief of Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality
Accession Number: AC_94X_09672 Publication Date: PD_19470101. Document Type: Government Document. Source Document Language(s): English See Also Related Document Supersets: ANCA; NCA; NWCT Country of Publication: USA
Fulltext: TOP SECRET
The Higher SS and Police Chief in the Operational Zone of the Adriatic Coast
Gl./Go.-Diery No. 1/44 Top Secret PK.
To the Reichsfuehrer SS and Reich Minister of the Interior Heinrich Himmler Berlin
I am taking the liberty of submitting to you in the enclosed a report on the economic development of the Action Reinhardt, as you, Reichsfuehrer, ordered in your letter of 9/22/1943 that I should have this completed and submitted by 12/31/1943. However the recognition given me for the Action also impels me to give you, Reichsfuehrer, an account of the economic side, in order that you, Reichsfuehrer, may thereby see that in this respect also, the work was in order. Though SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl has not yet had time to take over, I nevertheless hope that these data will be of assistance.
A proper winding up and my relief is necessary because I carried out this activity within the framework of the SS and it must therefore be wound up in a proper manner with regard to the competent Reich authorities. The Action Reinhardt was also too dangerous.
In addition, however, a certain odium still rests upon me to the effect that in all economic matters I do not maintain the necessary order, and in this respect I must advance indisputable proof that this is not so.
The total accounting is composed of two parts:
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>The economic part of the Action Reinhardt with the subdivisions a. Accounting and delivery of the assets seized and b. Accounting of the assets attained by the work.
There is one additional factor to be added to the total accounting of "Reinhardt" which is that the vouchers dealing with it must be destroyed as soon as possible after the data have already been destroyed by all other works concerned in this matter. With regard to the SWG (Settlers' Economic Association), the question is not only the financial order, but also a transfer so that this institution may be maintained for the settlers.
Only after I have been relieved of both matters will my functions in both be terminated.
I request, Reichsfuehrer, that you lay down a deadline by which the final winding up has to be completed on the spot on the basis of my data.
I have taken the liberty of sending a copy to SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl.
Heil Hitler Yours obediently [signed] GLOBOCNIK
[Rubber Stamp:] Personal Staff, Reichsfuehrer SS, Rec'd: 1/10/1944. Diary No. 1851?44 Top Secret To: RF
4 copies, first copy
Economic Aspect of the Action Reinhardt, gathered together in the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office--Special Task "G", which I am in charge of and of which I have not been relieved:
The entire Action Reinhardt is divided into four spheres: A. The expulsion itself. B. The employment of labour. C. The exploitation of property. D. Seizure of hidden goods and landed property. [=]
<![if !supportLists]>A. <![endif]>The Deportation
This is settled and completed. In this case the prerequisite was to get hold of the people with the small forces available and to cause as little economic damage as possible to war production by methodically appropriate measures. On the whole this was achieved. Considerable damage occurred only in Warsaw, where, owing to ignorance of the position, the methods applied in the final action were entirely wrong.
I was no longer able to carry out the action in Litzmannstadt (Lodz) myself because of my transfer.
The equipment which was provided for this action from seized goods, which however are to be considered as Reich property, have been removed completely. For reasons of surveillance in each camp a small farm was created which is occupied by an expert.
An income must regularly be paid to him so that he can maintain the small farm.
The entire manpower was put into closed camps, to which essential war production was transferred.
For this purpose the following conditions had to be created:
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>Erection of all camps.
<![if !supportLists]>a. <![endif]>Achieved by adequate security precautions
For this purpose the SS guards were developed, the overwhelming majority of whom carried out their duties satisfactorily led by Germans.
Their reliability was to be increased by mixing these guards with Reich German guards from the concentration camps.
The demand from these offices was considerable. "Osti" and the German Equipment Works were firms under my own supervision, whereas other concerns, such as the Heinkel aircraft works were only looked after by me.
Enclosure 1 contained factory reports and output figures. The number of orders was so large that the German Equipment Works (DAW) was fully occupied up to March and the other -factories had enough work for 2-3 months.
The exploitation of property which was carried out by Reinhardt. It has been completed as shown in Enclosure 2. [=]
The seizure of hidden goods and exploitation of landed property is divided into:
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>Property such as machinery, raw material, etc., handed over by the "Osti" to Aryans. To date the result is 6.3 million Reichsmarks; a further 7-8 million Reichsmarks are yet to be brought in. This seizure had furthermore the advantage that all those were affected who had built up industries for themselves in this manner, with the help of Jews without cost to themselves and had become rich without effort.
The measures taken were as follows:
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>On the 8/13/1943 the SS Training Camp of Trawniki was handed over by SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl (see letter of 8/18/1943-Chief A/Fr./S-Enclosure 3).
On 11/3/1943 the workers were withdrawn from the labor camps and the works shut down. The Camp leaders were not informed of this action although the responsibility rested with them. I was thus impeded in my supervisory duty. I have ordered the Camp Leaders to wind up and continue determining the contracts and/or transferring stocks.
On the day before the evacuation of the camps, General Schindler of the Armaments Inspectorate, Cracow, arranged with the Camp Leaders on the basis of a promise from SS Obergruppenfuehrer Krueger, that (a) In the future only armament contracts were to be given to the labor camps. b. He had received the assurance on 2.11 that a further 10,000 Jews were to be removed for armament work.
It was no longer possible to carry on with this arrangement.
[Sgd] Globocnik. SS Gruppenfuehrer and Lt. General of Police.
These enclosures are the papers mentioned in SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik's letter of the 1/5/1944. They have been taken out to facilitate depositing.
Report On the Administrative Development of the Action Reinhardt
<![if !supportLists]> I. <![endif]>All the assets acquired as a result of this Action were centrally mustered by an administration set up by me, duly classified and booked. The muster extends to the entire Government-General. The personnel came from the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office (WVHA).
The utilization and winding up of the assets was carried out on the basis of directives by the Reichsfuehrer SS. During the course of the Action this was summed up in a directive of 9/26/1942 and 12/9/1943, and the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office was given the task of winding up with regard to the Reich authorities.
The assets I collected were regularly delivered to the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office against receipts, and they in turn passed on the assets to the Reichsbank, the Reich Ministry of Finance, textile concerns, etc.
On the orders of the Reichsfuehrer SS, necessary articles could be removed for the maintenance of persons of the German race. The Reichsfuehrer SS forbade any appropriation for the purposes of the SS.
What is remarkable about the accounting is that no hard and fast basis for the amount collected existed, as the collection of the assets was carried out under orders and only the decency and honesty, as well as the surveillance, of the SS men used for this purpose could guarantee a complete delivery. Nevertheless what was seized and collected and received by the Department Reinhardt was listed and delivered without error and with the greatest accuracy. A preliminary examination up to 4/1/1943 by SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Vogt of the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office has already taken place and has revealed perfect order. For the balance, the preliminary examination has still to be carried out.
In accordance with an agreement with the Reich Ministry of Finance, this preliminary examination is final and the vouchers and data will be destroyed in accordance with Security regulations, cutting out the Reich Accounting Office.
<![if !supportLists]> 1. <![endif]>Sums of Reichsmarks and Zloty. The entire expenditure transport costs, dues, etc. incurred as a result of this Action were covered from these receipts. By far the greater portion was placed at the disposal of the SS Economist in the Government General and the amounts were credited to the Action Reinhardt in Reichsmarks by the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office by an accounting transaction and handed over to the Reichsbank.
A small portion was used for foreign currency reasons as a credit for various economic enterprises and then also credited by the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office by an accounting transaction.
In addition, differences arising from increases in the price of urgently required raw material supplies were covered. All these transactions were carried out with the consent of the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office. A further amount was placed at the disposal of the Concentration Camp currently for additional building operations, to develop the economic concern and to obtain the necessary agricultural machinery, etc. Exact accounts were kept of this, the purchases were always confirmed by me, and the documents covering this will also be attached to the final account. The accounts were kept by the Administrative Chief of the Concentration Camp and were actually kept separate from my administration, as the Concentration Camp Administration was independent of the SS Garrison Administration Lublin by order of the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office. The authority which finally takes over the concern will have to reimburse Reinhardt for these expenditures.
The best garments were separated and by order of the Reichsfuehrer SS were used for supplying persons of the German race. Shoes were also sorted according to how far they could be used and then either given to persons of German race or to concentration camps for supplying inmates, or else taken to pieces and used for wooden shoes for supplying inmates.
It was attempted to take from articles which could no longer be used parts such as locks, hinges, and the like, and to use these elsewhere.
The vouchers pertaining to the loaned articles were submitted monthly to the Higher SS and Police Chief East.
In accordance with the order of the Reichsfuehrer SS of the 22.9, the total takings are now closed, evaluated and passed on, so that there is hardly any mass left now.
Equipment which was necessary for carrying out the Action, such as barracks, camp equipment, vehicles, and such like, which had been purchased out of the monies obtained, is still on hand.
This equipment has been registered. A decision must, however, still be taken as to what purpose it is to serve.
The total value of the articles received is, according to the attached list, approximately 18 million Reichsmarks. However, minimum values have been assured, so that the total value is most likely twice as much, quite apart from the value of the articles obtained which are in short supply, such as textiles, of which alone more than 1900 wagons have been made available to German industry.
[signed] GLOBOCNIK SS Gruppenfuehrer and Lt. General of Police [=]
Assets delivered from Action Reinhard
The following assets from the Action "Reinhard" were delivered to the SS Economic and Administrative Head Office, Berlin, for further transmission to the Reichsbank or to the Reich Ministry of Economics:
<![if !supportLists]>a. <![endif]>Reichsmark sums totaling RM 53,013,133.51
Total RM 100,047,983.91
1,000 wagons of textiles and about another 50% of the above mentioned assets - which still have to be counted and valued - are warehoused here. It should be noted here that the estimated values were based on the officially established rates of exchange or prices, which however would be much higher on the open market, for instance in the sale of precious stones or precious metals abroad, as the flight to investments in articles whose value is not subject to much fluctuation is much greater there than with us. Besides these sales abroad bring us foreign currency. If these prices were taken as a basis of evaluation here, this was done in order to be able to give a picture of the assets delivered; in general this evaluation is not authoritative. The value of the acquisition lies principally in the fact that such large quantities of urgently needed raw materials can thereby be gained and that, on the basis of the assets obtained, foreign currency can be brought in, with which raw materials can in turn be bought by Reich authorities.
[Sgd.] Globocnik SS Gruppenfuehrer and Lieut. General of Police.
____________ 1 detailed list enclosed herewith.
List of Jewish property received for delivery up to 3.2.1943, showing values
[Editor's Note: The following tables are reproduced as they appear in original German document although accuracy of calculations is questionable.]
Personal Staff Reichsfuehrer SS Ref. No. Secret/115
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>Cash in hand:
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>RM 16,931,722.01;
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>Delivery SS-Economist, Cracow: RM 31.5 million;
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>SS-Econ.-Admin. Head Office Berlin-(RB): RM 5.58 million;
[Total]: RM 53 million
[Total]: RM 1,452,904.65
Total: RM 843,802.75
Total: RM 5.35 million
Total: RM 26,089,800.00
Total: RM 13,294,400.00
Total: RM 100 million.
/S/ [?] SS Sturmbannfuehrer
Situation with Regard to Orders of the Concerns of the SS and Labor Camps in Lublin District on 11/3/1943
<![if !supportLists]>· <![endif]>The situation with regard to orders, according to Industrial concerns:
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>Ostindustrie G.n.b.H. (Eastern Industry Co., F Ltd.), Lublin: ZI 5.55 million. Encl.
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>German Equipment Works, Lublin ZI 7.98 million. Encl.
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>Textile Works, Poniatowa ZI 13 million. Encl.
<![if !supportLists]>o <![endif]>Fur Works, Trawniki ZI 4.63 million. Encl. Total: ZI 31 million. [As it is almost entirely a question of wage. contracts, the situation with regard to orders represents essentially only wage and administration costs.The actual value of production if the concerns had to produce their own materials would therefore have been at least 50% higher.]
Situation with regard to orders of the "Ostindustrie" G. Ltd., Lublin, the 11/3/1943
Of which Wehrmacht orders in Zloty:
III Brush Factory Factory for bristles, Wicker works factory:
(1) 724,000 painting brushes and brushes of various kinds
(2) Repairs of 135,000 ammunition baskets
(3) 15,000 kg bristles for dressing
(1) W BA Berlin RWL II of the Waffen-SS etc.
(2) Munition store Lublin
(3) Various deliveries to Navy and to private firms
(1) 1.592 million
(1) 1.39 million
V Mechanical and other factories in Lublin
(1) Production of 1.5 million threaded fuses
(2) Production of 4.5 million buckles
(3) Repairs to 37,500 tin packing receptacles
(4) Taking to pieces of 3,000 gun carriage installations
(5) Repairs to 15,000 motor car component parts
(6) Repairs to about 3,000 watches (or clocks) and other repairs of various kinds
(7) Preparing 18,000 articles of military equipment
(1) Navy (Planning Syndicate)
(2) Cossack division (Army) others
(3) Munition store, Lublin
(4) Airforce (Planning Syndicate)
(5) HKP Lublin
(6) Navy and civilian firms
(7) Factory Kienle Stuggart for Navy
(1) 1.35 million
(2) 1.62 million
(2) 1.62 million
Total value in Zloty: 5.55 million Of which
Wehrmacht orders in Zloty:
5.198 million Civilian orders in Zloty: 354,500
The above figures for orders include, together with the current orders for permanent orders, figures for 3 months only. [=]
Situation with Regard to Orders of the German Equipment Works-Works Lublin on 11/3/1943
Total value in Zloty: 5,728,000.00
Wehrmacht Orders in Zloty: 3.899 million
Available Orders in Zloty: 1.82 million
Metal: 151,000.00 130,000.00 21,000.00
Textiles: 28,000.00 14,000.00 14,000.00
Leather: 660,000.00 570,000.00 90,000.00
Others: 1.422 million 162,000.00 1.26 million
Note.The above figures of orders contain, besides the current orders, figures for three months only for permanent orders.
The German equipment works were the best developed works.
41 Aryan leading personnel ran 5,445 Jewish workers who worked 1.115 million working days in the first 10 months of the year 1943 with 31 million Zloty in the bank and till.
Woodworking was in the foreground, 7,600 square meters [Editor's note: Cubic meters are obviously meant] of wood being dealt with.
Shoemaking also rose to 337,250 pairs and was to be raised to 450,000 pairs by the repair work shop which is being newly added.
331,700 square meters of roofing felt were produced during this period.
Woodworking was to have been extended considerably by the purchase of a sawmill of their own and the by-products utilized, as the production of wood for producer gas and the making of charcoal; the tar produced thus could again have been used in the production of roofing felt.
Another considerable production was the manufacturing of 2,500 Finnish tents and the monthly preparation of 25,000 packing containers.
71,000 knapsacks and haversacks were also repaired.
5,000 optical instruments were taken to pieces.
1,270 motor cars were repaired.
Production in 1944 is said to have been:
Wood cut: 20,000 cubic meters
Manufacture of shelter equipment: 15,000 units
Doors, windows, shelves: .20,000 units
Bell tents: 5,000 units
Preparation of packing containers: 250,000 units
Wooden soles: 6,000 units
Brush handles: 4.8 million units
Fuel for wood-burners: 2,0000 Rm.
Charcoal: 4,500 Kg.
Roofing felt: 2 million Sq. m.
The capacity is best shown by the fact that 312 working unions of the partisans in the government, generally, did not even have twice the turnover of the DAW alone. The orders were covered by 83% work for the Wehrmacht and 17% for the civil field.
Situation with regard to orders of the textile works 11/3/1943
Reinforced concrete construction.
Note.-The above figures of orders contain, besides the current orders, figures for 3 months only for permanent orders. [=]
Provisional balance sheet of the Action "Reinhardt" till, Lublin, for 12/16/1943
The following money and stocks were brought to the German Reich during the course of the Action "Reinhardt", Lublin, during the period 4/1/1942-12/15/1943 inclusive:
Foreign Currency in Notes:
Currency in gold coins:
Jewellery and other valuables:
[signed] Rzepa SS Oberscharfuehrer and Chief of Cash Office
[signed] Wippern SS Sturmbannfuehrer and Chief of Administration
[sgd] Globocnik [=] [Rubber Stamp:] Personal Staff Reichsfuehrer SS, Ref. No. Secret/115
[initialled] H. H. [Himmler]
__________ Measures for Pacifying Foreign Nationals During Transfer of Populations
<![if !supportLists]>a. <![endif]>Villages which lie within that part of the district of z-areas which is to be colonized will be combed for elements who are a danger to security, so that only the reliable part of the population will remain.
Security measures are always looked upon with understanding by the peaceful part of the population; this will therefore be a way to pacify the population.
The Question of Expropriation.
Time for Colonization.
I therefore request the Reichsfuehrer SS to leave the hitherto existing measures as they are.
The above-mentioned facts may not have been known to governor Waechter when the report was made.
[signed] Globocnik SS Gruppenfuehrer and Lieut. General of Police
[Rubber stamp] Personal Staff, Reichsfuehrer SS Correspondence administration File No. Secret/115
Measures for the further transfer of populations
As many quarters express themselves against the transfer of populations on the grounds that it causes too much unrest among the foreigners, thus disturbing production, the following measures have been decided upon:
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>Verbal propaganda will spread news about the discontinuation of these transfers.
O. U. the 7/1/1943 [initialled] H. H. [Himmler]
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>In the course of the security operation Werewolf I, the area roughly west of the points colonization area via Bilgoraj-Tarnogrod, bordered on the West by the district frontier, extending southwards are far as Belzec and from there along the road via Tomasgow to Zamosc as far as the southern border of the colonization area has been cleared of the native population.
<![if !supportLists]>a. <![endif]>The Ukrainians already living there will receive more land up to an average area of 6 hectares, so that a part of the evacuated land will already be colonized in that way, and
<![if !supportLists]> I. <![endif]>The population of this area, who have lived on robbery and banditry for decades, is removed.
<![if !supportLists]> II. <![endif]>About 30,000 workers are brought to the Reich.
<![if !supportLists]> III. <![endif]>The territory surrounding the German settlement area will then be settled with Ukrainians, who form a sort of buffer and are more peacefully inclined toward Germandom.
<![if !supportLists]> IV. <![endif]>In addition, as a result of this colonization, the state of tension of the Poles will be transferred to the Ukrainians, and they are turned into defense forces.
<![if !supportLists]> V. <![endif]>A new agrarian structure arises as proletarian ownership disappears and an average farm area of 6 hectares is formed, which contributes to intensification and increased production.
<![if !supportLists]> VI. <![endif]>The German colonization territory will be free for a further influx of Germans, this presupposing a security measure. But the German colonization territory will thereby be enlarged which helps toward the essential security of the territory. Pressure by the Poles can then be exerted only from the North and it is then easier to guarantee the security of the colonization territory from one side.
[Signed] Globocnik SS Gruppenfuehrer and Lt. General of Police. [=] Trieste, 11/4/1943
The Higher SS and Police Chief in the Operational Zone of the Adriatic Coastal Area. Gl./Go. Diary No. 225/43 [initialled] H. H. [Himmler]
To the Reichsfuehrer SS and Chief of the German Police, Heinrich Himmler, Berlin
I concluded Operation Reinhardt, which I have been directing on the government-general, on 10/19/1943, and have dissolved all camps.
I take the liberty of submitting the attached portfolio to you, Reichsfuehrer, as my final statement.
My observations on Lublin showed that a special center of radiation existed in the government-general and particularly in the Lublin district, and I have tried, therefore, to capture these dangerous tendencies graphically. It may prove to be a good thing for the future if we can point to the elimination of this danger. I have, however, also endeavored to give a picture of the employment of labor, from which one can not only gather the extent of the work, but also with how few Germans this fatal effort was made possible. It has at any rate grown to such proportions today, that well known industries are interesting themselves in it.
I have meanwhile handed these labor camps over to SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl.
Please, Reichsfuehrer, look through this portfolio.
During a visit, you, Reichsfuehrer, held out to me the prospect that a few Iron Crosses might be awarded for the special performances of this hard task after the work had been concluded. Please advise me, Reichsfuehrer, whether I may submit suggestions in this connection.
I beg to point out that such an award to the forces of the local SS and Police Chief was authorized for the work in Warsaw, which formed only a comparatively small part of the total work.
I should be grateful to you, Reichsfuehrer, for a positive decision regarding this matter, as I would like to see the hard work of my men rewarded.
Heil Hitler! [signed] Globocnik SS Gruppenfuehrer and Lieut. General of Police
Note for the files Action "Reinhardt" also comes under "Top Secret" 1851/43 Secret. [Initialed] H
Field-Command Post, 11/30/1943
The Reichsfuehrer SS RF/M
[Rubber Stamp] Personal Staff, Reichsfuehrer SS Correspondence Administration.
File No. Secret 155
To the Higher SS and Police Chief in the Adriatic Coast zone of operations, SS Gruppenfuehrer GLOBOCNIK
I confirm receipt of your letter dated 11/4/1943 and your notification regarding the termination of action Reinhardt. Also I thank you for the portfolio you sent me.
I express to you my thanks and my acknowledgment for the great and unique services which you have performed to the entire German people by carrying out the action Reinhardt.
Heil Hitler! Sincerely yours [signed] H. H. [H. Himmler] [=]