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Otto Ohlendorf

Last Update 18 February 2006

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Otto Ohlendorf was born on 4 February 1907 in Hoheneggelsen near Hannover.
He joined the SA in 1925 and the SS in 1926. In 1936 he joined the SD as an economic adviser and from 1939 to 1945 he served as the chief of the Reich Security Main Office's Amt III, which studied the results of government measures on the German population.
During his trial he stated:
"I joined the NSDAP in 1925 and became a member under No. 6631. After training in jurisprudence and economics, in 1936 I became Economical Counsellor (Wirtschaftsreferent) in the Sicherheitsdienst des RF-SS (SD) and was attached to SS as Hauptsturmführer. From 1939 to 1945 I was Chief of AMT III SD Inland, (part time) of the Reichsicherheitshauptamt. My main position in the years 1938-1943 was responsible operating head of the Reichs Group Commerce. From 1943 to 1945 I was Ministerial Direktor and permanent representative of the State Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Economics."

Ohlendorf was chief of the Einsatzgruppe D. His unit was responsible for killings in the southern Ukraine, and for the killing of 90,000 persons from June 1941 to March 1942.

SS-Brigadeführer on 16 July 1942,
Generalmajor der Polizei, SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei on 9 November 1944.

Ohlendorf probably joined Himmler during his last days. He was captured probably in Bremervörde on 21 or 22 May 1945, together with other members of Himmler's flight group.

Ohlendorf surrendered to the British on 23 May 1945 and testified at the Trial of the Major War Criminals later that year. In 1947, he was the chief defendant in one of the twelve Nürnberg trials held by the U.S. Army (the "Einsatzgruppen Case"). He was sentenced to death on 10 April 1948, and on 8 June 1951, despite the American revision of many sentences, he was executed in Landsberg by hanging.

Witte Peter, Wildt Michael, Pohl Dieter and others, eds. Der Dienstkalender Heinrich Himmlers 1941/42, Hans Christians Verlag, Hamburg, 1999

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