Extracts from the interrogation of POW Heinrich Gustav Wilhelm Wied,
dealing with the Bekleidungswerk Lublin, December 1943 Ė April 1944.
Wied was born in Oschersleben
on 9 June 1909
He was a Kripo
(Criminal Police) official with the rank of an SS-Hauptsturmführer
The Bekleidungswerk Lublin
had been set up to collect and make use of property removed from prisoners
entering KZ Lublin
). It also served the Arbeitslager
and several other camps in the Lublin area.
The Bekleidungswerk Lublin
used 3 hangars at the disused Lublin airfield as warehouses and employed a
staff of some 70 SS men. The responsible authority was the Reichskanzlei
Berlin, Voss-Straße 4
Wied established that the German Stiftung für Anstaltspflege
euthanasia organization "T4"
) was responsible for the
liquidation of Jews in the concentration camps and mental ill inmates of asylums. This activity bore
". The leading persons were Oberregierungsrat
, and SS-Hauptsturmführer
. The then police chief of Lublin, SS-Gruppenführer
, was equally responsible.
|Pistol Holster from Lublin
Wiedís investigations in Lublin established that 18 SS men, mainly on the
staff, were guilty of corruption on a large scale. Throughout his enquiries
Wied had to combat deliberate obstruction from the higher Sipo/SD
leaders, because they themselves
were also deeply implicated. For example, the aforementioned Allers
on behalf of one of the accused SS men in whose possession Wied found a large quantity of obviously
stolen jewellery and clothing, etc., in that Allers
declared that the accused
had taken the articles with the authority of the Stiftung
The cases against the 18 accused were heard before the SS und Polizeigericht
. Sentences up to 3 years imprisonment were imposed but in several
cases no verdict could be reached since the defendants were absent, allegedly on front-line service.
The resentment against Wiedís interference in this profitable "racket" in Lublin found expression
in a variety of ways. On one occasion he found the tyres of his car slashed, on another occasion
sugar was placed in the car's petrol tank.
Murder Camp Lublin:
Attached to the KZ Lublin (Majdanek)
was a crematorium which Wied personally
visited. It was a single storey building containing the mortuary, about 6 ovens and the living quarters of the
attendant, SS-Oberscharführer Musfeld
. With the wind in the right
direction the stench in Lublin, 6 km distant, was nauseating. Apparently the victims were mainly
delivered by truck, executed (Wied believes by shooting), and then cremated.
played a prominent
part in the killings. A certain Schott
, from whom Wied has this
information, had heard them openly boasting about it.
The staff of the Bekleidungswerk Lublin
came under the command
of the SS Standortkommandant
This man showed no inclination to support Wied in his investigations, the probable reason being that he was too
deeply involved in corruption himself. There was no check of or receipt for property removed
from prisoners. It was obvious from the lavish spending and extravagant living of the staff of
both the KZ and the Bekleidungswerk
, that this must be their main source of income.
also did his utmost to impede the subject's inquiries,
for example, in connection with a house search at the homes of SS-Sturmscharführer
and another SS man, both in the town of
Wied discovered a quantity of property, stolen from prisoners. Allers
probably prompted by SS-Sturmbannführer Wirth
, shielded the
thieves by officially stating that they had the permission of his organisation Gemeinnützige
Stiftung für Anstaltspflege
to take the goods.
Wied commented on various members of the SS in Lublin:
SS-Rottenführer Ernst Gollack
, born in
(?), 176 cm tall,
stocky build, round full face, fair hair, who had a family in Katowice (Kattowitz)
He was a pre-war KZ-guard, since 1940
in Lublin, at first in
, later in the Bekleidungswerk
. He was suspected of theft.
employed in the Bekleidungswerk
. Wied searched his house near
, Bavaria, but found nothing.
, leader of the
in Lublin. At least tolerated and probably had a share in the theft
of prisoners' property in the KZ Lublin (Majdanek)
Source: PRO / WO 309/521
© ARC 2004