The preparations for extermination of Jews living in the Generalgouvernement
already started months before the
(20 January 1942
A special organization, called
, was established in Lublin.
shed light on the close connection between the Lublin
headquarters, led by SS- und Polizeiführer
of the Lublin district,
, and the SS central office in
. Today the decoded messages are kept in the Public Record Office
|New Years Card from Globocnik
was born in Trieste
. In 1931
he joined the NS party
of Austria, and 1934
the SS. In 1936
of Kärnten (Austria), in March 1938
, in May appointed Gauleiter
appointed him SS- und Polizeiführer für den
in November 1939
His connections with Himmler
and the SS headquarters in
him to use Lublin as a base for anti-Jewish plans from the beginning of the German occupation. The
Lublin district was to be turned into a Jewish reservation (Judenreservat
Jews from the Reich
and its incorporated territories should
be resettled there. This was the case until
made representations to
, and they were stopped. But the Lublin district remained in the Nazi
mind, as a place highly suited for the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question".
's initiative the Lublin district also became a
centre of the SS economic enterprises and a base for future SS colonization plans in Eastern Europe.
In March 1940
, the entire Jewish population of
was resettled in the
. According to the plans drawn up by
, the suburb was designated to be an area for the building of
recreational facilities for the SS and the general German population of Lublin. Therefore the SS built a large
recreation facility in Wieniawa
, including two sports fields. A forced labour camp,
", (Sports Field camp) was established there.
A branch of the German supply works (DAW
) was established in Lublin in
. Over five thousand
Jewish prisoners were employed as slave workers in the DAW
Lipowa Street Camp
(near Chelmska Street) and in
In March 1941
the Lublin Ghetto
was officially established.
On 20/21 July 1941 Himmler
in Lublin and decided to enlarge and extend the SS economic enterprises in Lublin.
A concentration camp was planned for up to 50,000 prisoners. This was the initial reason for the construction of the
concentration camp Lublin, better known as
A training camp for the SS Ukrainian volunteers at
was also part of the Aktion Reinhard
As plans for Aktion Reinhard
took shape, the choice of Lublin served as a cover for Jews being transported
east. Their disappearance after their extermination in the death camps could be explained by saying they had been
sent eastward for forced labour in the vast expenses of the Nazi-occupied areas of the Soviet-Union.
The main tasks imposed on Globocnik
and his staff within the
framework of Aktion Reinhard
- the overall planning of the deportations and extermination activities of the entire operation.
- building the death camps.
- co-ordinating the deportations of Jews from the different districts to the death camps.
- killing the Jews there.
- seizing the assets and valuables of the victims and handing them over to the appropriate Reich
|Chopin Street 27
The Aktion Reinhard
headquarters was located in Lublin at Pieradzkiego 17
in the former Stefan Batory college
(Lublin 1942 Map
's headquarters as SS- und Polizeiführer
of the Lublin
district was located separately from the Aktion Reinhard
See Globocnik's and Sporrenberg's Staff in Lublin!
A special depot was set up in Lublin to deal with the vast amounts of loot now piling up in the death camps. Known
officially as the Erfassungslager für beschlagnahmtes Feindvermögen
, it was located in a large
five-storey building which occupied a complete city block at Chopin Street 27
near the city centre. The Chopin Street Depot came under the administration of the SS-Standortverwaltung Lublin
headed by SS-Sturmbannführer
Poem by Johannes R. Becher
Kinderschuhe aus Lublin
Arad, Yitzak: Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka
Tregenza, Michael: Aktion Reinhard
© ARC 2005
|Globocnik's Villa 2002
||Aktion Reinhard HQ 2002
||Gestapo HQ 2002